Bologna is the capital of Emilia Romagna in Northern Italy. It is situated between the Apennine Mountains and the Po River, in between the Savena and Reno Rivers. It covers an area of fifty-four square miles and has a population of over three hundred and seventy-six thousand residents. The city is a Italian cosmopolitan city with a diverse history and culture. The city of Bologna is also a center of the railroad and highway system in Italy. Its economy is based on the manufacture of goods such as footwear, textiles and chemical production. The city also maintains industries in fields such as electronics, food production and tobacco.
Bologna can trace its history back to the fourth century BC, when the area was conquered by a Celtic tribe known as the Boii. The tribe located in the area and blended in with the Etruscans so well, that they created a civilization that is known as the Gaul Etruscan Civilization. When the Boii were defeated at the Battle of Telamon, they accepted a more peaceful existence and the Romans stepped in and influenced the civilization. The onset of the Punic Wars however, saw the Boii once again pursue their war like ways. They helped Hannibal’s army cross the Alps and provided him with a strong infantry base. With the collapse of the Carthaginians Empire, the Boii were enslaved by the Romans, who destroyed many of their villages and settlements. Rome then established the Bononia Colonia in 189 BC. Over three thousand Roman families settled in the area, and ultimately they absorbed the Celtic population of the region. During the first century BC, Bononia became a munucpium and its population swung widely between twelve thousand and thirty thousand residents. During the fifth century, Bologna, who had gone through a period of decline for much of its history, was becoming a new city under the direction of Bishop Petronius. It was during this time that the Roman Empire collapsed, and Bologna became a frontier stronghold. In the eighth century, Bologna was captured by Lombardian King Liutprand and became a part of the Kingdom of Lombard. During the eleventh century, the city became a free commune.
Today, Bologna is a beautiful city with a large amount attractions to offer visitors. A popular attraction in the city is the Basilica of San Petronio. The Basilica of San Petronio is the main religious structure in the city. It is situated on Piazza Maggiore and is the fifth largest churh in the world. It is three hundred and ninety-six feet long, hundred and eighty feet wide and the vault is one hundred and fifty feet in the facade and one hundred and thirty-five feet inside. The church is dedicated to St. Petronius, the patron saint of Bologna. This church’s construction was began in 1390, after a council decree two years previously. It took several centuries to complete, and most of it was completed, though some of the facade still hasn’t been completed to this day.
Other prominent atttractions in the city of Bologna include Italian Days Food Experience, Bluone Wine and Cooking Tours in Italy, Cook Italy, Emilia Delizia, Pinacoteca Nazionale di Bologna, Museo Ducati, Via Santo Stefano, Basilica di San Petronio, Museo d’Arte Moderna di Bologna, Santuario di Madonna di San Luca, Basilica di San Domenico, Museo del Duomo, Towers of the Asinelli and Garisenda, Chiesa di San Giacomo Maggiore, Museo Morandi, Palazzo Poggi Museum, Basilica of Sant’Apollinare in Classe, Museo Civico Archeologico, Il Duomo, San Giacomo Maggiore, Neoniano Baptistry, Civic Museum of Ancient Art, Galleria Estense & Biblioteca Estense, Museum & Basilica of San Vitale, Archepiscopal Museum & Chapel of San Andrea, Arturo Toscanini Birthplace and Museum, Baptistry, Metropolitana di San Pietro, Teatro Comunale di Bologna, Collezioni d’Arte e di Storia della Cassa di Risparmio, Palazzo Baciocchi o di Giustizia, Golf Club Bologna, Torre della Specola e Museo Astronomico, Oratorio Spirito Santo, Palazzo Marescalchi, Palazzo Orsi, Museo Ebraico, Scala della Montagnola, Progresso Verticale, Estetika House Vanilla Sky, Abbey of St. John, Museo Civico Medioevale e dal Rinascimento, Piazza del Nettuno, Basilica San Francesco, Bologna Congressi and Accademia Filarmonica di Bologna. The city is also home to several prominent restaurants and hotels. Popular restaurants in the city include Ristorante La Cesarina, Ristorante Pappagallo and Osteria Cantina Bentivoglio. Popular hotels in the city of Bologna include Alberghi Hotel Tre Vecchi, Albergo San Donato Hotel, Hotel Il Guercino, Hotel Paradise, Albergo Regina Hotel , Hotel Porta San Mamolo and Sheraton Bologna Hotel & Conference Center.